Answers these questions as fully as possible. The number of marks in the brackets indicates how much you should be writing. Use the notes on the blog and on Bitesize to help you.
1. Referring to both human and physical factors, explain why some areas of the world are more densely populated than others. (4)
2. Why do people in developing countries move from rural to urban areas? (4)
“During recent years the populations of many developed cities have decreased dramatically due to out-migration.”
3. Describe ways in which city authorities have attempted to encourage people to move back into their city. (5)
4. For a named city you have studied in a developed country, give reasons for the main changes which have taken place in the city centre shopping area over the last thirty years. (5)
5. For any named developing city you have studied, describe measures taken to improve the quality of life in shanty towns (5)
Calling all S2 Geographers! Below is the web address for Kilmarnock Academy’s Geo Wall. Miss Armour will keep it up to date so that you can do some of the activities at home and leave us comments about anything you have learned! The other address takes you to a website that will help you revise everything we’ve been studying in Geography so far!
**You need to copy and paste the addresses into you internet browser**
Complete these tasks in your homework jotters.
- The EU introduced the CAP for all its countries. What does CAP stand for?
- How did the CAP protect European farmers from outside competition?
- What were the original aims of the CAP?
- Copy the following into your jotter.
The CAP led to two very serious problems in farming. They were:
- Over production which led to huge surpluses. These were nicknames the wheat, butter and meat mountains and the wine and milk lakes. These had to be stored and eventually destroyed. People were outraged at the waste of food.
- Farmers wanting to produce as much as possible and therefore making their farms as efficient as possible. They did this by removing hedges to make fields bigger for machinery and using chemicals pesticides and fertilisers. Soil erosion by wind occurred and chemicals got into the water supply. Wild animals lost their natural habitat and were killed by the pesticides. Many of the insects, plants, animals and bird declined in number.
5. The EU set up four schemes to deal with these problems. Complete the statements about the schemes. Use the word box to help you).
- The Q_____ system to reduce the over production of m______.
- The S____ A_____ Schemes to reduce the over-production of ______.
- D________ Schemes to reduces farm production and to allow farmers to earn more money from other activities on their farms such as _______________.
- The protection of the en____________ in certain areas which were called E____________ S____________ Areas.
sensitive milk quota set
aside environmentally diversification
- Define “diversification schemes”.
- Name 4 different diversification schemes that occur on farms.
- Since 1945, miles of hedgerows have been removed in Britain in order to make farming more efficient. Give 3 points to show why hedgerows are removed and why this causes problems.
Reasons for removing hedgerows Why hedgerows are important for the environment.
Complete these tasks in your homework jotter. Remember to write your answers in full sentences.
- Define “agriculture”
- Is farming classified as a primary, secondary, tertiary or quaternary industry?
- Read the paragraph about farming in East Anglia and then answer the questions:
Mr Simpson’s farm is small, with 210 hectares of land. He grows wheat, barley, beans and sugar beat. The land is well suited to these as it is flat, fairly dry and not too high. The climate in this part of Britain is drier than most areas and the average rainfall of 590mm per year which is fine for these crops. Summers are warm and dry for harvesting. The soil is chalky and alkaline which the farmer improves by adding organic matter (dead leaves of beet and the straw from stalks of other crops). He also adds chemical fertilisers. The farm is run by two full time and two part time workers and much of the work is done by machinery. There are special buildings to house the tractors and other machines. The farmer’s products are beans for animal feed, sugar beet (which is processed for sugar leaving the pulp to be made into animal feed), wheat (for flour) and barley (for beer making). List the physical inputs to this farming system.
- List the physical inputs of the farming system.
iii. Relief (height and shape of the land)
- List the economic inputs (anything to do with money)
- List the outputs
- The farmer is important in the system because he is a “decision maker”. Suggest three things that he has to make decisions about on his farm.
- Define the three types of farming below by matching it to the correct definition.
Arable farms They specialise in animal rearing.
Pastoral farms They specialise in growing crops.
Mixed farms They have both animals and crops.
- Copy the following notes into your jotter:
Farms can also be sorted by how much they produce. Extensive farms are normally quite big. A hill sheep farm is a good example of an extensive farm. Intensive farms tend to be smaller and often have lots of inputs in the form of money, labour and new technology.
1.Give four examples of what has been done to improve traffic flow and reduce congestion in Glasgow. (4 marks)
3E (Mon, Thu, Fri) – Due Friday 15th March
3C (Tues, Wed, Thu) – Due Tuesday 19th March
If you can’t find the answers to the questions look here – http://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/intermediate2/geography/
Select two of the following factors and explain how they can affect population density throughout the world. (4)
Relief Climate Resources Employment opportunities Water Supply
Bangladesh is a developing country with a high birth rate. What measures could countries like Bangladesh use to reduce their birth rate? (4)
3E (Mon, Thu, Fri) – Due Monday 25th February
3C (Tues, Wed, Thu) – Due Tuesday 26th February
***Remember to use capital letters where appropriate and complete all work in full sentecnes.***
1. What is migration? (choose the correct sentence)
- Migration is when people travel to a place for leisure purposes.
- Migration is when people don’t like to travel.
- Migration is the movement of people from one place to another.
2. Define “international migration”.
3. What type of migration would a move from rural Wales to London be called?
4. What is a) a push factor and b) a pull factor?
5. The list below shows factors which cause rural-urban migration in developing countries. Write out the push and pull factors under the correct headings.
farming is poor; better education; few jobs; poor sanitation; more hospitals; place is busy and modern
A remote village in Mexico – PUSH Mexico City – PULL
3E (Mon, Thu, Fri) – Due Thursday 6th December
3C (Tues, Wed, Thu) – Due Tuesday 11th December